20 Interesting Tribes From Around the World

Tribes are a category of human social groups. They are hierarchically larger than a lineage or clan, but smaller than a chiefdom, nation or, state. There are a lot of Tribes formed around the world since ancient times.

So, in this article Let’s see some interesting tribes which found around the world.

#1 Yali

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This tribe is one of the tribes inhabiting the Baliem Valley region. They can be found in the midst of the Jayawijaya mountain range of Papua Indonesia. They live in the virgin forests of the highlands. The meaning of the name Yali is “ Lords of the Earth”. They are officially recognized as pygmies, with men standing at just 150 cm tall. 

#2 Drokpa 

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These tribe people live in three small villages. The only fertile valley in Ladakh is situated in a disputed territory between India and Pakistan. There are around 2,500 Drokpas living in these three villages. They are completely different from the Tibeto – Burman inhabitants of most of Ladakh, physically, culturally, linguistically, and socially. 

#3 Huaorani 

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Huaorani means “human beings” or “the people”. Their home has been the Amazonian rainforest of Ecuador, the Oriente, for at least a thousand years.  They never had any contact with the outside world until 1956. Huaorani people considered themselves the bravest tribe in the Amazon. 

#4 Tibetans 

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The history of Tibetans began around 4,000 years ago. Archaeological and geological discoveries indicate that the Tibetans are descendants of aboriginal and nomadic Qiang tribes. Approximately 5.5 million Tibetans are an ethnic group with bold and uninhibited characteristics. 

#5 Vanuatu 

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It is found that the Settlements in the 85 Vanuatu islands date back to around 500 BC. There is evidence found that Melanesian navigators from Papua New Guinea to be the first to colonize Vanuatu. Down the timeline, other migrations followed. In the present, all the inhabited islands have their own languages, customs, and traditions. 

#6 Ladakhi 

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The meaning of Ladakh is, “land of the passes”. It is a cold desert in the Northern Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. Ladakh is devided into mainly Muslim Kargil district and the primarily Buddhist Leh district. The Ladakhis have a rich folklore, and some of them date back to the pre- buddhist era. 

#7 Mursi 

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This nomadic Mursi tribe lives in the lower area of Africa’s Great Rift Valley. They feed themselves by traditional cultivation and herding. But extreme drought has made it difficult for them. Also the establishment of national parks has restricted their access and threatened their natural resources. 

#8 Rabari

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Rabari have roamed the deserts and plains for almost 1,000 years of what is called western India now. It is believed that this tribe migrated from Iranian plateau more than a millennium ago. It is believed in that way because of their peculiar Persian physiognomy. Now they can be found largely in Gujarat and Rajasthan states of India. 

#9 Samburu 

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These Samburu people live in Northern Kenya. Where the foothills of Mount Kenya merge into the northern desert to be exact. They reached Kenya some five hundred years ago as cattle-herding Nilotes. They were moving southwards along the plains of the Rift Valley in a rapid, all-conquering advance. 

#10 Tsaatan 

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Tsaantan, also known as reindeer people are the last reindeers herders. They survived for thousands of years inhabiting the most remote subarctic taiga. They moved between 5 and 10 times a year. Today, only 44 families remain. The dwindling number of their domesticated reindeers threatening their existence. 

#11 Kazakh

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These people are the descendants of Turkic, Indo-Iranian and Mongolic tribes and also Huns that populated the territory between Siberia and the Black Sea. Kazakhs are a semi-nomadic tribe. And since the 19 century they have roamed the mountains and valleys of western Mongolia with their herds. 

#12 Himba

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Himbas are an ancient tribe. They are tall, slender and statuesque herders. They have lived in scattered settlements, leading a life that has remained unchanged, surviving war and droughts since the 16th century. Their tribal structure helps them to live in one of the most extreme environments on earth. 

#13 Huli

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It is believed that over 45000 years ago, the first Papua New Guineans migrated to the island. Today, over 3 million people, half of the heterogeneous population live in the highlands. And for millennia some of these communities have engaged in low-scale tribal conflict with their neighbors. 

#14 Asaro 

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There are a number of different tribes scattered across the highland plateau of Papua New Guinea for 1000 years. They live in small agrarian clans and they are isolated by the harsh terrain and also divided by language, custom, and traditions. In the middle of the 20th century, the legendary Asaro Mudmen first met with the Western world. 

#15 Kalam 

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Papua New Guinea was born in 1975 when the eastern half of New Guinea gained full independence from Australia. The Kalam tribe is one among the small agrarian clans, scattered across the highland plateau. The indigenous population is one of the most heterogeneous in the world. 

#16 Goroka 

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As mentioned above there are a number of different tribes scattered across the highland plateau. Papua New Guinea, the indigenous population of the world’s second largest island, is one of the most heterogeneous in the world. The village isolation and the proliferation of distinct languages caused by the harsh terrain and historic inter-tribal warfare. But, life is simple in the highland villages. They have close-knit families and a great respect for the wonders of nature. And also they have plenty of good food. They survive by, growing crops, gathering plants, and by hunting. Indigenous tribal warfare is common and they try to try very hard to impress and scare their enemies with make-up and ornaments. 

#17 Chukchi 

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The ancient Arctic Chukchi live on the peninsula of the Chukotka in Russia. They have never been conquered by Russian troops unlike other groups in Siberia. Chukchis environment and traditional culture endured destruction done under Soviet rule using weapons and pollution. 

#18 Maori 

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The origin of the indigenous Maori people can be traced back to the 13th century. It is a long and intriguing story. It all started in the mythical homeland Hawaiki, Estern Polynesia. The Maori established a distinct society with characteristic art, a separate language and unique mythology because of the centuries of isolation. 

#19 Mustang 

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No outsiders were allowed to enter Mustang until 1991. Now Tibetan culture is in danger of disappearing and it stands alone as one of the last truly Tibetan cultures existing today. Even though the former kingdom of Lo is linked by religion, culture, and history to Tibet, it is politically part of Nepal. 

#20 Gauchos 

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When wild Cimarron cattle overpopulated the flatlands, nomadic and colourful horsemen and cowboys wandered the prairies of South America as early as the 1700s. Gauchos arose to clandestinely hunt the huge herds of horses and cattle when the leather was in high demand in the 18th century. 

So, what do you think about these tribes. Name more tribes if you have knowledge about them. 

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